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A single-step process for the preparation of highly pure alkyl esters used in making lactic acid, poly lactic acid

Details

Project TitleA single-step process for the preparation of highly pure alkyl esters used in making lactic acid, poly lactic acid
Track Codencli-020
Websitehttp://www.nclinnovations.org
Short Description


A single-step process for preparation of highly pure alkyl esters, which is used in the manufacture of lactic acid and further to poly lactic acid – both with wide industrial and commercial applications

Abstract


BACKGROUND

Highly pure alkyl esters, especially methyl lactate, have a very important and wide range of applications at an industrial level. The products formed in conventional processes are impure with residues of sodium sulphate and are corrosive; separation processes are expensive and energy intensive. In most of the processes, alkali metal is wasted in its sulfate form- cannot be recycled


TECHNOLOGY DESCRIPTION
NCL’s process uses alkali metal carboxylate salts to convert to its respective pure alkyl esters by a single, direct esterification step. Alkali metal salts used are prepared from natural sources. This process results in alkyl esters of very high purity (99.5-99.8%). The use of mineral acid is eliminated in this process – hence, no undesired sulfate side products are generated and is less acidic in comparison with traditional methods. The resulting methyl lactate can be hydrolyzed to get pure lactic acid.


MARKET POTENTIAL
• The global market for polylactic acid (PLA) has been projected to grow from $1.2 billion in 2010 to $3.8 billion in 2016 at a CAGR of 18.7%*
• PLA, being a biodegradable plastic, is increasingly being used in eco-friendly packaging – hence providing growth potential; The US biodegradable plastic market is estimated to be around 350 million pounds and is expected to grow 15.5% annually, with PLA and polyesters as the fastest growing market segment**
• Lactic acid consumption, on the other hand, will continue to increase at about 7% PA from 2008 to 2013, at a global level^


*http://www.sunherald.com/2011/10/03/3479449/marketsandmarkets-global-lactic.html#ixzz1ZmfNhqo6(viewed04/10/11), **html (viewed 03/10/11)http://www.freedoniagroup.com/Biodegradable-Plastic.html (viewed03/10/11), ^http://www.plastemart.com/Plastic-Technical-Article.asp?LiteratureID=1694&Paper=global-lactic-acid-PLA-market-pie-chart-world-consumption-lactic-acid-polyethylene-terephthalate


VALUE/ADVANTAGES

• The products are of extremely high purity
• Pollution free process (by avoiding sulfate side-products)
• The byproducts (the corresponding carbonate salts) and the un-reacted carbon dioxide and alcohol can be recycled and reused in the process again –hence reducing cost


APPLICATIONS

• Methyl lactate is used in pharmaceuticals
• Lactic acid (derived from methyl lactate) is widely used in food industry and other applications
• Lactic acid is also used to produce poly lactic acid – which is a biocompatible and biodegradable polymer (hence with applications in packaging, biomedicine, etc.)


TECHNOLOGY STATUS

• Demonstrated at the lab scale; On the lookout for potential partners for spin-off/licensing
• Patent applications filed: Indian #- 1842/DEL/2009, PCT #- IB2010/002203


Publication: Barve, PP et al. (2011)Preparation of Pure Methyl Esters from Corresponding Alkali Metal Salts of Carboxylic Acids Using Carbon Dioxide and Methanol, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,51 (4), pp 1498–1505 


CONTACT

Case Manager: Magesh N
Phone: +91-20-25902982
Email: m.nandagopal@ncl.res.in

 
Tagslactic acid, polylactic acid, pure alkyl esters, methyl lactate, biodegradable polymer, single step process
 
Posted DateJun 13, 2012 7:54 AM

Files

File Name Description
Flyer-alkyl-esters None Download